NameAlbrecht Dürer
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Biography
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Albrecht Dürer initially studied as a goldsmith under his father before focusing his education on the art of painting under Michael Wolgemut in 1486-90. After that he travelled around central Europe 1490-94, where he visited Colmar, Stasbourg, Frankfurt-am-Main and Basel. Dürer was active in various Italian cities between the years 1505-07 and later worked for a period in the Netherlands 1520-21, but otherwise had his productive base in Nürnberg. He was appointed Court painter to Maximilian I of Habsburg in 1512 and later also served his successor emperor Charles V. The art of Dürer is a complex fusion of late medieval craftsmanship and religious way of life in a combination with the new ideas of the Italian renaissance. The detailed preciseness of the late gothic era together with the quest for naturalistic realism driven by humanistic ideals created a special and unique expression of emotional intensity and intellectual ambition in the art. Albrecht Dürer is to be considered as the finest artist of this era of German art that represented the breakingpoint between the gothic and the renaissance.